Human Trafficking Definitions

According to the Michigan Department of Health And Human Resources, Human trafficking impacts people all over the world and right here in Michigan. Besides drugs, Human trafficking is the second biggest criminal enterprise. It negatively impacts people regardless of their gender, age, ethnicity and socio-economic backgrounds.

Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery that allows some people to profit from controlling and exploiting other human beings. Once force or fraud is used to take control of another human being and then exploit that human being for sexual acts of soliciting labor or services against their will. Victims of these acts include adults, children and sometimes older people.

Sex trafficking has been found in a wide variety of venues such as residential brothels,  fake massage businesses, strip clubs, escort services and street prostitution.  Minors under the age of 18 engaging in commercial sex are considered victims of human trafficking.

Labor trafficking has been found in many labor settings, such as hotels, massage parlors, including domestic work in hotels, massage parlors, nail salons, small businesses, large farms, and factories. Under Michigan law, if a minor under the age of 18 is being forced into labor, they are considered victims of human trafficking.


    • Violations of the Human trafficking statute are punishable by up to ten years to life imprisonment and $10,000 to $50,000 in fines.
    • Penalties may be increased if the trafficking involves kidnapping, criminal sexual conduct, forced labor or a commercial sex act of a minor, an attempt to kill or death.
    • Other crimes may be charged in conjunction with human trafficking.
    • Human trafficking convictions may be ordered to be served consecutively with other convictions.
    • Human trafficking can be used as an underlying crime for a charge of racketeering, also known as ‘conducting criminal enterprises,’ a 20-year felony.
    • Property used in the commission of human trafficking may be subject to seizure and forfeiture.
    • Sex trafficking of a minor triggers Sex Offender registration
    • Enhanced restitution may be available to victims of trafficking, including:
      • Lost income;
      • The cost of transportation, temporary housing, and child care expenses incurred by the victim because of the offense;
      • Attorney fees and other costs and expenses incurred by the victim; and,
      • Any other loss suffered by the victim as a result of the offense.

Taken from the website of the Michigan Attorney General

The charges listed above are charges that are taken very seriously by all local prosecutors and federal prosecutors. If you are facing charges related to human trafficking, you need to call Shawn now at 616-438-6719! The call is free, will you be?

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