In Michigan, Criminal Sexual Conduct in the 1st Degree is the most serious of the Criminal Sexual Conduct charges. This crime is known more commonly as rape or sexual assault and also encompasses actions that most people might think of as child rape or child molestation, and sexual assault involving someone with a mental or physical disability.
According to the Michigan Legislature
(1) A person is guilty of criminal sexual conduct in the first degree if he or she engages in sexual penetration with another person and if any of the following circumstances exists:
(a) That other person is under 13 years of age.
(b) That other person is at least 13 but less than 16 years of age and any of the following:
(i) The actor is a member of the same household as the victim.
(ii) The actor is related to the victim by blood or affinity to the fourth degree.
(iii) The actor is in a position of authority over the victim and used this authority to coerce the victim to submit.
(iv) The actor is a teacher, substitute teacher, or administrator of the public school, nonpublic school, school district, or intermediate school district in which that other person is enrolled.
(v) The actor is an employee or a contractual service provider of the public school, nonpublic school, school district, or intermediate school district in which that other person is enrolled, or is a volunteer who is not a student in any public school or nonpublic school, or is an employee of this state or of a local unit of government of this state or of the United States assigned to provide any service to that public school, nonpublic school, school district, or intermediate school district, and the actor uses his or her employee, contractual, or volunteer status to gain access to, or to establish a relationship with, that other person.
(vi) The actor is an employee, contractual service provider, or volunteer of a child care organization, or a person licensed to operate a foster family home or a foster family group home in which that other person is a resident, and the sexual penetration occurs during the period of that other person’s residency. As used in this subparagraph, “child care organization”, “foster family home”, and “foster family group home” mean those terms as defined in section 1 of 1973 PA 116, MCL 722.111.
(c) Sexual penetration occurs under circumstances involving the commission of any other felony.
(d) The actor is aided or abetted by 1 or more other persons and either of the following circumstances exists:
(i) The actor knows or has reason to know that the victim is mentally incapable, mentally incapacitated, or physically helpless.
(ii) The actor uses force or coercion to accomplish the sexual penetration. Force or coercion includes, but is not limited to, any of the circumstances listed in subdivision (f).
(e) The actor is armed with a weapon or any article used or fashioned in a manner to lead the victim to reasonably believe it to be a weapon.
(f) The actor causes personal injury to the victim and force or coercion is used to accomplish sexual penetration. Force or coercion includes, but is not limited to, any of the following circumstances:
(i) When the actor overcomes the victim through the actual application of physical force or physical violence.
(ii) When the actor coerces the victim to submit by threatening to use force or violence on the victim, and the victim believes that the actor has the present ability to execute these threats.
(iii) When the actor coerces the victim to submit by threatening to retaliate in the future against the victim, or any other person, and the victim believes that the actor has the ability to execute this threat. As used in this subdivision, “to retaliate” includes threats of physical punishment, kidnapping, or extortion.
(iv) When the actor engages in the medical treatment or examination of the victim in a manner or for purposes that are medically recognized as unethical or unacceptable.
(v) When the actor, through concealment or by the element of surprise, is able to overcome the victim.
(g) The actor causes personal injury to the victim, and the actor knows or has reason to know that the victim is mentally incapable, mentally incapacitated, or physically helpless.
(h) That other person is mentally incapable, mentally disabled, mentally incapacitated, or physically helpless, and any of the following:
(i) The actor is related to the victim by blood or affinity to the fourth degree.
(ii) The actor is in a position of authority over the victim and used this authority to coerce the victim to submit.
(2) Criminal sexual conduct in the first degree is a felony punishable as follows:
(a) Except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c), by imprisonment for life or for any term of years.
(b) For a violation that is committed by an individual 17 years of age or older against an individual less than 13 years of age by imprisonment for life or any term of years, but not less than 25 years.
If you are convicted of CSC 1st Degree in Michigan, your registration on the Sex Offender Registry begins at the time of your Presentence Investigation Interview with the Michigan Department of Corrections. You will be a registered sex offender for the remainder of your life. As a registered sex offender, you will be prohibited from doing any of the following for the rest of your life:
- Residing, working, or loitering within 1000 feet from school property, known as a “Student Safety Zone” (exceptions for students living with parents);
- Attending or planning to attend any school without notifying the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction;
- Having or regularly using any phone number without notifying the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction; and
- Having a professional license (subject to possible denial, limitation, suspension, or revocation.
As a registered sex offender, for the rest of your life, you will be required to report quarterly, as well as immediately if you do any of the following:
- Change your residence or domicile;
- Change your place of employment or quit or are fired;
- Enroll at any College or University, or discontinue enrollment;
- Change your name;
- Intend to temporarily reside at any place other than your residence for more than seven days;
- Establish any E-mail or Instant Message address or any other type of account used in internet communications or postings; or
- Purchase or begin to regularly drive any vehicle, or if you sell, transfer, or stop driving the vehicle.
If you are facing CSC 1st Degree charges, call Shawn today at 616-438-6719. Let him help you out in your time of need.
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